MP History

Military Police (MP) of the Armed Forces (AF) was established on February 1, 1992, after the approval by Parliament of the Law no. 511, dated 08.08.1991, “On the Military Police in the Armed Forces of the Republic of Albania”. Just like other aspects of the country’s life, a series of reforms were conducted in the country after the 90s. Among them were: the adoption of laws, regulations and structural changes, part of which was the establishment of MP, as part of the AAF. The goal of this structure was to strengthen order and discipline in AF and it was considered as an essential thing to transform the Army according to NATO countries’ standards.

With the creation of MP, the focus of its work was to control military vehicle traffic, maintenance of military rule in order to strengthen discipline in AF. In December 1994, by the Order of Minister of Defence (MOD) no. 482, dated 12.10.1994, “On the organization of Military Police”, the structures of Criminal Police and Fire Fighting were attached to MP. In early 1995, by the Order of MOD no. 205, dated 10.04.1995, “On the dependency and functioning of the Military Police”, the MP branch in General Staff was transformed into the MP directorate commanded by Brigadier General Bajram Malaj. Through legal support, regulations and its professionalism growing day by day, the MP ranked among the best units of the Armed Forces.

After the events of 1997, the MP Director was Colonel Piro Lutaj. It should be noted that after the events of 1997, MP had a tremendous growth on the basis of a project with the Italian Delegation of Experts (DIE). At that time, with the assistance of Italian specialists, for the first time, the MP battalion was created in Tirana, which was equipped with the necessary logistics and materials, and it was conceived according to Italian Carabineer battalions. The establishment of MP battalion in Tirana marks a qualitative leap in the activity of this modern structure and the most qualitative of the time, which became apparent in the events of 1998, when the MP not only suffered any damage, but it defended several state institutions such as, the Albanian Radio and Television, Telecom, General Prosecutor’s Office and several international institutions.

At that time, MP was one of the few modern institutions that played a key role in restoring the rule of law in Albania.

Equipment of MP battalion in Tirana, with the necessary technique and armoured vehicles type IVECO-90, played a huge role in the events of 1998 in Albania. This structure played an undeniable role in 1999, during the Kosovo crisis, when it had the major role for the welcome, escorting and treatment of refugees at camps set up in Kukës, Tirana, Durrës and other cities of the country, keeping under control the situation in the areas of Kukës, Krumë, Tropojë, especially at border posts, solving many difficult situations, escorting convoys and personalities that travelled to north and back, as well as maintaining control of the road network across the country, especially in the north. The events of 1997, 1998 and the Kosovo crisis are the most important events in the history of MP.

To perform these tasks, MP was supported by the adoption of Law no. 8404, dated 09.15.1998, for an addition to the Law no. 7978, dated 26.07.1995, “On the Armed Forces of the Republic of Albania”.

In late 2000, with the suppression of the structure of the MP Directorate, by the Order of the MoD no. 1, dated 01.05.2001, “On the organization of the Military Police Regiment”, the Military Police Regiment was established and its commander was LTC Namik Goga. This structure exercised its activity until September 2003, protecting and safeguarding all exercises that took place on the territory of our country.

In September 2003, based on Law no. 8930, dated 25.07.2002 on “The Military Strategy of the Republic of Albania”, by the Order of MoD no. 214, dated 08.21.2003, “On the organization of the Military Police Regiment”, the MP structure was transformed into a battalion structure based in Tirana and its commander was LTC Xhevahir Avdia, who held this office until 2005. In 2005 the commander of the battalion was appointed LTC Drini Nikolla, who held this office until 2008.

In July 2007, according to the Order of MoD no. 15, dated 17.01.2007, “On the restructuring of the Armed Forces”, the MP battalion became an organic part of the Support Command, and its administrative management was subordinated to the Support Command, while its Operational Commanding was subordinated to the GSAF. Part of the battalion were four sections of MP in Shkodër, Durrës, Berat, Vlorë and five subsections of MP, in Kukës, Burrel, Elbasan, Korcë and Gjirokastra, where the sectors of Criminal Police, Judicial Police, vehicle traffic, Fire Fighting and Rescue conducted their activities.

In 2008, Colonel Xhevdet Zeneli became commander of the MP battalion. In May 2010, by the Order of the MOD no. 151/5, dated 24.12.2009, “On the transition into the new structure of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Albania”, the structure of the Military Police was named Military Police of the Armed Forces in compliance with Law no. 9069 dated 15.05.200, “On the Military Police of the Armed Forces", and MP continues to have this structure nowadays.

In June 2012, Colonel Syrja Gjoka was appointed Commander of MP.

In August 2012, Colonel Ylli Zyla was appointed Commander of MP.

MP activity is determined by its mission and tasks that derive from the law, “On the Military Police of the Armed Forces” and "Military Penal Code”. The draft and approval of this law in Parliament in 2003 marks a complete restructuring of the structure.

During this period, efforts are made to employ in MP motivated staff, educated in NATO member countries, as in Turkey, Italy, and Germany. The fulfilment of the mission and functional tasks are based on laws and regulations.

During these years, MP is trained by the specialists of Italian Carabineers, U.S, German and Turkish military police.

For years, MP, through a special program, is preparing a sub-unit of platoon-level NRF (NATO Response Force), a force ready to act as part of NATO relevant structure, capable and suitably equipped to perform such duties.

So far, around 50 people of Military Police have been part of different missions abroad, in Iraq and Afghanistan, in support of the Armed Forces and various international HQs. MP has also conducted a mission in “ISAF” military operation, in Kabul, Afghanistan. This platoon consisted of 22 people.

MP has given a major contribution, in civil emergencies, where they have shown commitment and professionalism in the performance of the duties.

Now, the structure of MP is prepared to operate across the spectrum of its mission and tasks, and ready to participate in peacekeeping and humanitarian operations.

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