Land Force History

Land Force is a priority unit in the structure of the Armed Forces. Land Force was established on August 29, 2000, including military units with traditions and rich multi-year activity, spread across the territory of the Republic of Albania. In year 2000, the Land Force included five infantry divisions with 55 brigades and 300 battalions deployed in 167 different regions of the country. During its continuous reform, the Land Force underwent new changes. In year 2006, the Land Force was suppressed and the Joint Force Command was established. In the context of the ongoing transformation of the Armed Forces, based on the concept of an army small in number, operational and professional, on the 9th of December 2009 was reestablished the Land Force on the basis of Rapid Reaction Brigade and Commando Regiment.

Based on the constitutional mission, the Land Force was involved in a process of profound transformation according to Western military concepts, and with the transition of the entire force from a conscript military service into a professional army its level of operability has increased. The structures of Land Force have been engaged in Peace Support Operations in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Iraq, Chad and currently in Heart and Kandahar, Afghanistan. Land Force has the major share in peacekeeping operations in the framework of NATO, UN and EU. The Land Force is managed by young qualified leaders educated in military schools of NATO countries, as in the USA, Italy, Turkey, Germany, England, Austria, etc, based on the cooperation projects with these countries.

Land Force is engaged in civil emergency operations to help the community in cases of natural disasters, such as floods, blocked roads and aid distribution in cases of heavy snowfalls, fire suppression operations, etc.

Since its establishment, the Land Force is led by experienced commanders.

From year 2000 to 2006, Land Force was headed by Major General Kostaq Karoli; from 2006-2008, it was led by Brigadier General Shpëtim Spahiu; from year 2008 to August 2012 by Brigadier General Viktor Berdo. From August 2012 and onwards, the Land Force is commanded by Major General Zyber Dushku.

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